The Most Important Methods for Reducing Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting In Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review Study
Introduction: Despite the successes that have recently been made in the field of control and prevention of communicable diseases, the incidence of chronic illnesses has increased. And cancer as a chronic disease after accidents and unintentional deaths is the third leading cause of death in children. Given that cancer patients have multiple chemotherapy during their healing period and chemotherapy itself causes a lot of harm to the patient and that nausea and vomiting are a common complication in chemotherapy patients, Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to determine the most important methods for reducing the nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy in cancer patients.
Materials and Methods: This study is a systematic review Using the articles published in the last 20 years, it was based on the most important methods for reducing the nausea and vomiting of chemotherapy in cancer patients. The search was carried out in search engines, SID, Magiran, and Google Scholar, Embase, ResearchGate, Sciencedirect, and PubMed in Persian and English. In the first stage, 47 articles were found. Of these, 10 related articles that have been published in the last 20 years have been reviewed.
Results: In this study, we investigated the most important methods for reducing the nausea and vomiting of chemotherapy in cancer patients. In one of these studies, the rate of nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing chemotherapy was studied at the stage. In the first stage, without intervention, in the second phase, music was broadcast to patients using headphones. In the case of nausea, measurements with numerical criteria at 16 and 24 hours and descriptive criteria showed significant difference only at 24 hours after chemotherapy. However, there was no significant difference in vomiting between two stages of chemotherapy.
Conclusion: According to the studied studies, ice massage in the Negan spot can be effective in reducing the frequency and severity of nausea and vomiting in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. It can also be said that muscle use reduces nausea in children with chemotherapy malignancy. It is suggested that nurses use ear acupressure technique as a complement to relieve nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy.