Oral Health Status of Institutionalized Orphans and Non-Orphans Aged 6-12 Years in a Central Indian City: A Comparative Study

  • Karishma A.
  • Anuj Nair
  • Anjali D.
  • Indrajeet Singh
Keywords: Orphans, Dental Caries, Toothbrushing


INTRODUCTION: Oral Health, like general health, is a basic fundamental right for all, and even more so for the underprivileged.
AIM: To evaluate the oral health status of Institutionalized orphans aged 6-12 years and non-orphans in Indore, Madhya Pradesh
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among various registered orphanages in Indore, Madhya Pradesh. Oral Examination was done by two standardized examiners (ADA type III examination) and data was entered using a pre-tested and pre-validated proforma. Data was transferred into MS excel and after application of descriptive statistics, the independent samples t-test and multiple logistic regression were applied (p value significant at ≤ 0.5).
RESULTS: Of the total 263 study subjects, there were 132(50.2%) orphans and 131(49.8%) school children aged 6-12 years. Among orphans, males (62.9%) formed the majority; use of toothbrush with toothpaste was observed among 69.7% of orphans, while 6.1% did not use any oral hygiene aid. The most common observed hard lesion was dental caries (31.8%) as compared to 20.6% in school children and its presence revealed a significant association (p=0.02).
CONCLUSION: It is recommended that a special emphasis should be made to promote oral health among the children residing in orphanages.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Karishma A.

MDS (Oral Medicine and Radiology), Ex-dental Consultant and Pharmacovigilance Specialist, Hyderabad

Anuj Nair

BDS, Private Practitioner, Shiva Multispeciality Hospital and Clinic, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Anjali D.

MBBS, Consutant Physician, Shiva Multispeciality Hospital and Clinic, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India

Indrajeet Singh

BDS, Private Practitioner, Greater Noida


Petersen PE. Strengthening of oral health systems: oral health through primary health care. Med Princ Pract 2014; 23(1):3-9. https://doi.org/10.1159/000356937

Lulëjeta F, Venera B, Jeta K, Tetore O. Oral Health Status Among 12-Year-Old Schoolchildren in Kosovo. Pesqui. Bras. Odontopediatria Clín Integr. 2020;20:e0039. https://doi.org/10.1590/pboci.2020.082

Tomar SP, Kasar PK, Tiwari R. Study of oral hygienic practices and oral health status among school children in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh: a cross-sectional study. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2016;3:403-7. http://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20160093

Petersen PE. The World Oral Health Report 2003: continuous improvement of oral health in the 21st century - the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2003; 31(1):3-24. https://doi.org/1.01046/j.2003.com122.x

Sharma A, Gaur A, Pareek S, Raja V, Sanadhya S, Sharma AV. Oral health status and treatment needs among orphanage children of Jaipur City. Sch J Appl Med Sci. 2014;2:1776-80

Bennadi D, Shabanam S, Abdul NN, Jacob A, Malini K, Bharateesh JV. Oral health status of orphanage children, Tumkur: A survey report. Int J Community Dent 2018;6:27-9. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijcd.ijcd_3_18

Cluver L, Gardner F, Operario D. Psychological distress amongst AIDS-orphaned children in urban South Africa. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2007;48:755-63.

Soni A, Sharma H, Motghare V, Verma S. Assessment of oral health status in orphanage inmates of north-eastern part of Rajasthan: A descriptive cross-sectional study. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent. 2020;18:139-42. https://doi.org/10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_104_19

Shah AF, Tangade P, Ravishankar TL, Tirth A, Pal S, Batra M. Dental Caries Status of Institutionalized Orphan Children from Jammu and Kashmir, India. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2016;9(4):364-371. https://doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10005-1392

Hans R, Thomas S, Dagli R, Bhateja GA, Sharma A, Singh A. Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Children and Adolescents of Orphanages in Jodhpur City Rajasthan, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014; 8(10): ZC22–ZC25. https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2014/9026.4948

Kumar APP, Shankar S, Sowmya J, Priyaa CV. Oral health Knowledge Attitude Practice of School students of KSR Matriculation School, Thiruchengode. J Indian Acad Dent Specialists. 2010;1(1):5–11.

Mishra A, Pandey RK, Chopra H, Arora V. Oral health awareness in school-going children and its significance to parent's education level. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent. 2018;36:120-4. https://doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_1172_17

Casanova-Rosado AJ, Medina-Solís CE, Casanova-Rosado JF, Vallejos-Sánchez AA, Maupomé G, Avila-Burgos L. Dental caries and associated factors in Mexican schoolchildren aged 6-13 years. Acta Odontol Scand. 2005;63(4):245–51.

Shingare P, Jogani V, Sevekar S, Patil S, Jha M. Dental Caries Prevalence among 3- to 14-Year- Old School Children, Uran, Raigad District, Maharashtra. J Contemp Dent. 2012;2(2):11–4.

DOI: 10.26440/IHRJ/0409.12360
Published: 2020-12-23
How to Cite
Karishma A., Anuj Nair, Anjali D., Indrajeet Singh. Oral Health Status of Institutionalized Orphans and Non-Orphans Aged 6-12 Years in a Central Indian City: A Comparative Study. IHRJ [Internet]. 2020Dec.23 [cited 2021Jan.23];4(9):OR12-OR15. Available from: https://ihrjournal.com/ihrj/article/view/360