Knowledge and Practice of Breast Cancer Screening and Awareness of Its Risk Factors Among Reproductive Women of Jammu and Kashmir
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the most common type of malignancy among women worldwide, therefore, it becomes necessary to understand the breast cancer literacy among women. Breast cancer literacy includes knowledge of breast cancer screening, practice of breast cancer screening and awareness of breast cancer risk factors.
OBJECTIVES: To determine level of awareness and practice of breast cancer screening, to assess level of awareness of breast cancer risk factors and to establish role of demographics in uptake and knowledge of breast cancer screening.
MATERIALS AND METHOD: In this study, reproductive women were taken and questionnaires given were filled by 381 respondents. Relevant questions were asked keeping in view the objectives. Role of age and maximum education of women was also established.
RESULTS: It was found that majority of women who were aware of breast cancer screening belonged to age-group 21-30 having mean of 56.19% and also showed higher practice of the same as compared to others (mean=50.1%) followed by women belonging to age-group 31-40 whose knowledge mean came out to be 25.5% and mean of practice was found to be 35.26%. The other two age groups of 15-20 and 41-45 showed low knowledge and less practice of breast cancer screening. Similar results were found out for other parameter.
CONCLUSION: Women whose maximum education was graduate and above showed higher level of awareness of breast cancer screening and risk factors and also higher practice of breast cancer screening as compared to women who had lower educational background.
Harbeck N, Penault-Llorca F, Cortes J, Gnant M, Houssami N, Poortmans P, et al. Breast cancer. Nature reviews Disease primers. 2019;5(1):66. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41572-019-0111-2
Bray F, Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Siegel RL, Torre LA, Jemal A. Global cancer statistics 2018: GLOBOCAN estimates of incidence and mortality worldwide for 36 cancers in 185 countries. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2018;68(6):394-424. https://doi.org/10.3322/caac.21492
Are C, Rajaram S, Are M, Raj H, Anderson BO, Swamy CR, et al. A review of global cancer burden: trends, challenges, strategies, and a role for surgeons. Journal of Surgical Oncology 2013;107(2):221-6. https://doi.org/10.1002/jso.23248
Abeje S, Seme A, Tibelt A. Factors associated with breast cancer screening awareness and practices of women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Women's Health. 2019;19(1):4. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-018-0695-9
Donnelly TT, Al Khater AH, Al-Bader SB, Al Kuwari MG, Malik M, et al. Factors that influence awareness of breast cancer screening among Arab women in Qatar: results from a cross sectional survey. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2015;15(23):1015764. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2014.15.23.10157
Anwar SL, Tampubolon G, Van Hemelrijck M, Hutajulu SH, Watkins J, Wulaningsih W. Determinants of cancer screening awareness and participation among Indonesian women. BMC Cancer 2018;18(1):208. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-4125-z
Tilaki KH, Auladi S. Awareness, attitude, and practice of breast cancer screening women, and the associated socio-demographic characteristics, in northern Iran. Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention. 2015;8(4): e3429. https://dx.doi.org/10.17795%2Fijcp.3429
Paul S, Solanki PP, Shahi UP, Srikrishna S. Epidemiological study on breast cancer associated risk factors and screening practices among women in the holy city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2016;16(18):8163-71. https://doi.org/10.7314/APJCP.2015.16.18.8163
Gupta A, Shridhar K, Dhillon PK. A review of breast cancer awareness among women in India: Cancer literate or awareness deficit?. European Journal of Cancer 2015 ;51(14):2058-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2015.07.008
Leong SP, Shen ZZ, Liu TJ, Agarwal G, Tajima T, Paik NS, Sandelin K, Derossis A, Cody H, Foulkes WD. Is breast cancer the same disease in Asian and Western countries?. World Journal of Surgery 2010;34(10):2308-24. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00268-010-0683-1
Madhu B, Ashok NC, Balasubramanian S. A multinomial logistic regression analysis to study the influence of residence and socio-economic status on breast cancer incidences in southern Karnataka. Int J Math Stat Invention. 2014;2(5):1-8.
Akram M, Iqbal M, Daniyal M, Khan AU. Awareness and current knowledge of breast cancer. Biological Research 2017;50(1):33. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40659-017-0140-9
Nagler RH, Fowler EF, Gollust SE. Women’s awareness of and responses to messages about breast cancer overdiagnosis and overtreatment: results from a 2016 national survey. Medical Care 2017;55(10):879. https://doi.org/10.1097%2FMLR.0000000000000798
Solikhah S, Promthet S, Hurst C. Awareness Level about Breast Cancer Risk Factors, Barriers, Attitude and Breast Cancer Screening among Indonesian Women. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention(APJCP) 2019;20(3):877. https://doi.org/10.31557%2FAPJCP.2019.20.3.877
Tazhibi M, Feizi A. Awareness levels about breast cancer risk factors, early warning signs, and screening and therapeutic approaches among Iranian adult women: a large population based study using latent class analysis. BioMed Research International 2014;2014: 306352. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/306352
Islam RM, Bell RJ, Billah B, Hossain MB, Davis SR. Awareness of breast cancer and barriers to breast screening uptake in Bangladesh: A population based survey. Maturitas. 2016;84:68-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2015.11.002
Hajian-Tilaki K, Auladi S. Health belief model and practice of breast self-examination and breast cancer screening in Iranian women. Breast Cancer;21(4):429-34. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12282-012-0409-3
Seneviratne S, Lawrenson R, Harvey V, Ramsaroop R, Elwood M, Scott N, et.al. Stage of breast cancer at diagnosis in New Zealand: impacts of socio-demographic factors, breast cancer screening and biology. BMC Cancer 2016;16(1):129. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-016-2177-5.
Copyright (c) 2020 Mehak Javaid et al.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.