AIM: To study the efficacy of reciprocating single file system and multifile rotary systems in elimination of root canal bacteria and endotoxins.
MATERIAL AND METHOD: Forty permanent single rooted mandibular premolars with straight canals inoculated with Escherichia Coli suspension for 21 days were selected for the study. Teeth were randomly divided into four groups (n=10) according to instrumentation system: Grp. A–Reciproc (VDW); Grp. B–WaveOne (Dentsply Maillefer); Grp. C–MTwo (VDW); and Grp. D–K3( Sybron Endo); Bacterial and endotoxin samples were collected with a sterile paper point before instrumentation and after instrumentation. Culture methods estimated the colony-forming units (CFU) and the Limulus Amebocyte Lysate test was used for quantification of endotoxins. Results so obtained were calculated and statistically analysed.
RESULT: Results at S1 concluded that bacteria and endotoxins were found in all of the investigated root canals. After instrumentation all systems were associated with the significant reduction of the bacterial load and endotoxins respectively: Grp. A– Reciproc (88.25% and 89.10%); Grp. B– WaveOne (83.53% and 80.59%); Grp. C– MTwo(79.41% and 75.84%) and Grp. D– K3 (67% and 74.4%). Statistically no difference was found amongst the instrumentation systems regarding bacteria and endotoxin elimination (P <0.05).
CONCLUSION: The reciprocating single file, Reciproc and WaveOne were as effective as the multifile rotary systems for the eradication of bacteria and endotoxins from root canals.