Comparative Evaluation of Esthetic Materials Used for Fixed Partial Prosthesis Placed On Vital Abutments on The Periodontal Status: A One Year Retrospective Follow-Up

  • Shreya Shetty
  • Karunakar Shetty
  • Raghad Tayeb
  • Jumana Abdou
  • Badariya Fetaihi
  • Khamrunissa Hussain Sheikh
Keywords: Vital Abutments, Periodontal Status, Bone Loss, PFM, Zirconia

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The replacement of missing teeth with fixed partial dentures is largely dependent upon the health and stability of the surrounding periodontal structures. FPDs are often prepared on vital teeth as abutments. Esthetic materials have become popular in fixed prosthodontics today.

AIM: The present study aimed to assess the long term effect and tissue responses of various types of fixed partial prosthesis placed on vital abutment teeth on the periodontal parameters both clinically and radiographically.

MATERIALS AND METHOD:  Following ethical committee approval, the study group comprised of 87 abutment teeth in 41 systemically healthy patients (24 males and 17 females) aged between 18 – 45 years who had received 3 unit fixed prosthesis(IPS empress, PFM or zirconia), having equigingival margins using vital teeth as abutments. The following parameters were assessed at the time of bridge placement and 1 year follow up – CAL, Probing depth, Distance between CEJ/ cervical crown margin and alveolar crest of the abutment teeth(radiograph).

RESULTS: Statistical analysis carried out by SPSSV22 software revealed significant changes in clinical parameters with IPS empress and radiographic parameters with PFM and Zirconia from time of bridge placement till the 1 year follow up.(P<0.05).

CONCLUSION: There seemed to be favorable responses of the periodontal tissues to the various esthetic materials used on vital abutments of FPDs.

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Author Biographies

Shreya Shetty

BDS, MDS(Periodontics), FICOI, Associate Professor, Dentistry Program, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Karunakar Shetty

BDS, MDS(Prosthodontics), FICOI, Associate Professor, Dentistry Program, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Raghad Tayeb

BDS Student, Dentistry Program, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Jumana Abdou

BDS Student, Dentistry Program, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Badariya Fetaihi

BDS Student, Dentistry Program, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Khamrunissa Hussain Sheikh

B.Sc, M.Sc (Statistics), Quality Assurance Center, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

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Published
2019-08-24
How to Cite
Shreya Shetty, Karunakar Shetty, Raghad Tayeb, Jumana Abdou, Badariya Fetaihi, & Khamrunissa Hussain Sheikh. (2019). Comparative Evaluation of Esthetic Materials Used for Fixed Partial Prosthesis Placed On Vital Abutments on The Periodontal Status: A One Year Retrospective Follow-Up. International Healthcare Research Journal, 3(5), 179-184. https://doi.org/10.26440/IHRJ/0305.08271
Section
Original Research(s)