Observed Risk Factors and the Prevalence of Potential Oral Malignant Lesions among a North Indian Population

Keywords: Leukoplakia, OSMF, Oral Mucosal Lesions, Tobacco

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The menace of oral cancer has become a public health concern and its prevalence is increasing with every passing day, making it the sixth most common cancer across the globe.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for potential oral malignant disorders in a middle aged north Indian population.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adopting a Cross-sectional study design, this study examined a total of 944 participants in the Delhi-NCR region and males formed a majority of the population (569, 60.3%). Data was collected using a pre-tested and pre-validated questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was applied and the chi-squared test (for qualitative data) and independent samples t-test(for quantitative data) was applied to find out statistical differences (Using SPSS 21.0), if any.
RESULTS: It was reported that 201 (21.29%) of the study population suffered from oral malignant lesions, and the most prevalent lesion was OSMF [115, 12.18%] followed by leukoplakia [49, 5.19%]. The prevalence of oral malignant lesions among males was found to be higher(18.97%) as compared to females. A significant difference was found between the oral lesions and tobacco ever and never chewers (p<0.001).
CONCLUSION: The results indicate a need to focus tobacco cessation programmes in the population of Delhi-NCR and reinforce it from time to time to reduce the burden of such Oral Malignant Disorders.

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Author Biographies

Vasuda Bhagat

PG Student

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology

DJ College of Dental Sciences and Research

Modinagar

 

Mehtab Singh Bhagat

MBBS

Medical Officer

Governement of Jammu and Kashmir, India

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Published
2019-09-21
How to Cite
Vasuda Bhagat, & Mehtab Singh Bhagat. (2019). Observed Risk Factors and the Prevalence of Potential Oral Malignant Lesions among a North Indian Population. International Healthcare Research Journal, 3(6), 201-205. https://doi.org/10.26440/10.26440/IHRJ/0306.09274