Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms for Bihar Ethnic Population

  • Rahul Munka
  • Vaibhav Shandilya
  • Harsh Kumar
  • Abhishek Sinha
Keywords: Soft Tissue Analysis, Cephalometric Analysis, Arnett & Bergmann, Soft-Tissue Cephalometric Analysis, True Vertical Line (TVL)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: A person's ability to recognize a beautiful face is innate, but translating this into defined treatment goals is problematic and various authors tried to relate the importance of soft-tissue esthetics with orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning.

AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To derive the Soft Tissue Cephalometric norms for the normal, well-balanced and esthetically pleasing faces of the Bihar ethnic population and to compare them with pre-established norms.

MATERIALS AND METHOD: A sample of 60 subjects from an ethnic Bihar population residing in Patna, on the basis of facial symmetry, balance and pleasing appearance were observed from five sets of extra-oral photographs. Standardized lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken with metallic markers placed on various soft-tissue structures on the face using derma tapes. All lateral cephalometric films were traced and Soft Tissue Cephalometric Analysis was done.

RESULTS: Total facial length was significantly less in males as compared to the Caucasians with 117.50±1.74 as mean value. Males had significantly less protrusive upper and lower lips in projection to TVL with a mean value of 0.77±0.77 and -3.13±0.73 respectively. Lower lip length in females was significantly decreased with a decreased lower third facial height with a mean value of 62.27±1.46. Total facial length was significantly less in females with a mean value of 115.40±1.99. Females had significantly more protrusive upper and lower lips in projection to TVL with a mean value of 1.90±0.84 and 1.93±0.74 respectively.

CONCLUSION: The established norms in present study could be used as future reference for Orthodontic treatment in Bihar ethnic population.

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Author Biographies

Rahul Munka

Senior Resident, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

Vaibhav Shandilya

Senior Resident, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

Harsh Kumar

Assistant Professor, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

Abhishek Sinha

Assistant Professor, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India

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Published
2019-12-21
How to Cite
Rahul Munka, Vaibhav Shandilya, Harsh Kumar, & Abhishek Sinha. (2019). Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms for Bihar Ethnic Population. International Healthcare Research Journal, 3(9), 290-298. https://doi.org/10.26440/IHRJ/0309.12003