Assessment of Knowledge Regarding Osteoporosis Among Female Medical Students at King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia
Introduction: Osteoporosis is a worldwide public health problem that affects both male and females. It is a silent progressive disorder that affects the skeletal system and leads to diminished bone density and fracture. Therefore, awareness, attitude, and practices of people about osteoporosis contribute significantly to primary prevention and early detection of disease.
Objective: the present study conducted to assess the knowledge of the female medical students at King Faisal University about osteoporosis in Saudi Arabia.
Study design: A cross-sectional study conducted at the medical college of King Faisal University at Al-Ahsa region, Saudi Arabia. The study included all female medical students at King Faisal University, through an online self-administered questionnaire using the Osteoporosis Knowledge Assessment Tool (OKAT) questionnaire.
Results: The total number of participants was 176 female medical students, with 58.7% response rate. The age of participants ranged between 17 and 27 years, with a mean and standard deviation of 21.46±1.54 years. The participant's knowledge score about osteoporosis was as follow: 65.1% had satisfactory knowledge, 32.2% had poor knowledge, and only 2.3% of the participant had good knowledge.
Conclusion: Most of the participants had a satisfactory knowledge score on osteoporosis. However, there was a significant gap in knowledge regarding the risk factors such as high salt intake. The good knowledge score was significantly low in the present study compared to worldwide. Therefore, an educational effort is needed to improve knowledge and the quality and reliability of information about osteoporosis targeted undergraduates and young females in Saudi Arabia.