The Most Important Educational Interventions for Reducing Occupational Stress among Nurses Working In Health Centers: A Systematic Review Study
Introduction: Occupational stress is a very common feature of modern life and is increasing and has a bad effect on cardiovascular systems. Today it is known that stress is associated with many physical and mental illnesses or contributes to its development. This systematic review was conducted with the aim of determining The most important educational interventions for reducing occupational stress among nurses working in health centers.
Materials and Methods: In this systematic review, in order to achieve the goal of the study and to improve the accuracy of its study and its comprehension, this integrated overview study was conducted based on the Broome method. The method is done in the form of three steps in the search of texts, data evaluation and data analysis, So, in the search phase, post-retention studies texts are examined in four stages in terms of inclusion criteria. After obtaining the conditions for entry into the study, the content of the study is evaluated and at the end the analysis of the data was done. It was conducted in English and Persian by searching articles in search engines, sites and authoritative scientific databases Google Scholar, Embase, Researchgate, Sciencedirect, PubMed, Springer. In the first stage, 41 papers were found. Of these, 10 related articles that have been published in the last 20 years have been reviewed.
Results: In this study, ten articles were reviewed that show the positive effect of training on reducing the stress of nurses. One of these studies that was on the nurses in the direction of impact of stress management training program on stress and work-life conflict showed that the stress level in the intervention group was significantly lower than the control group. Also, in the intervention group itself, the work stress was reduced compared to before the intervention. The results of the intervention showed that, by reducing work stress, the work-life conflict scores also decreased and there is a significant positive correlation between stress management and work-life conflicts in nurses.
Conclusion: Studies have shown that the implementation of work-related stress management training programs can reduce employee stress by increasing the level of employees' knowledge about how to manage occupational stress, how to better manage time and also to modify work interactions to reduce job stress.