Dentists’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Hepatitis B, C and Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome In Northeast Part of Rajasthan

  • Omprakash Yadav
  • Deepak Yadav
  • Aishwarya Joshi
  • Swati Joshi Asopa
  • Naiem Ahmed
  • Manju Panwar
Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, Dentists

Abstract

Introduction: Healthcare professionals including surgeons, dentists and paramedical personnel’s belong to high risk group of transmitting blood borne pathogens. Keeping this in view a study was proposed to assess the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) of dental professionals towards different viral diseases in northeast part of Rajasthan. Materials and Method: A cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted among 500 randomly selected dentists in Jaipur district. Questions regarding KAP of hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) / Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) were included in the questionnaire. Statistical analysis was done through SPSS Ver. 20.0. software using chi-square test, independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) to evaluate the differences between parameters. Results: The result indicates that the majority of the study subjects (60%) were female. The mean (+Standard Deviation) for age and work experience was 35.5+8.85 and 5.6+8.76 respectively. The mean value of KAP was 38.4+3.23, 21.5+4.34 and 23.05+5.67 respectively. It was observed that knowledge regarding HBV, HCV and HIV/AIDS was statistically significant with work experience (>10 Years; p<0.001), year of graduation (after 2006; p<0.001). Attitude of study subjects for HBV, HCV and HIV/AIDS was significantly inclined by age group (< 30 years: P = 0.011), work experience (≥10 years: P < 0.001), and place of work (dental clinic: P = 0.013). Conclusions: The observations of the study highlighted a reasonable level of knowledge and attitude of dental practitioners for HBV, HCV and HIV/AIDS infections. However there is a need of improvement in the knowledge level which can alter their attitude and practice towards patients with HBV, HCV and HIV/AIDS infections

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Author Biographies

Omprakash Yadav

MDS, Research Scientist (Medical)

Department of Microbiology

Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan

Deepak Yadav

MBBS, Junior Resident

Department of Dermatology, Venereology & Leprosy

Govt. Medical College, Bhilwara

Aishwarya Joshi

BDS, Lecturer

Department of Conservative & Endodontics

Rajasthan Dental College & Hospital, Jaipur

Swati Joshi Asopa

MDS, Reader

Department of Prosthodontics

Rajasthan Dental College & Hospital, Jaipur

Naiem Ahmed

MDS, Senior Resident

Department of Dentistry

Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan

Manju Panwar

PG Resident

Department of Public Health Dentistry

Rajasthan Dental College & Hospital, Jaipur

CITATION
DOI: 10.26440/IHRJ/0302.05.521083
Published: 2019-05-22
How to Cite
1.
Omprakash Yadav, Deepak Yadav, Aishwarya Joshi, Swati Joshi Asopa, Naiem Ahmed, Manju Panwar. Dentists’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding Hepatitis B, C and Human Immunodeficiency Virus / Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome In Northeast Part of Rajasthan. IHRJ [Internet]. 2019May22 [cited 2021Jul.27];3(2):87-2. Available from: https://ihrjournal.com/ihrj/article/view/235
Section
Original Research(s)