Environmental and Health Impacts of Electronic Waste: A Global Concern!!

  • Anuja Prabhakar
  • Romi Nayyar
  • PK Sharma
Keywords: Health, Cadmium, Immune System


Electronic waste, commonly referred as e-waste, is waste generated from discarded waste from an alarming number of electronic components which contains toxic substances affecting human health and the environment across the globe. In India, it is of extreme significance as its huge production uses more electronic materials and thus, dumps a significant amount of  e-waste simultaneously. India is still lacking suitable infrastructure and methods is proper recycling and disposal. This review is an overview of current scenario in the developing countries, India and other countries  depicting the magnitude of environmental and health hazards associated with improper recycling and disposal methods.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Anuja Prabhakar

Ph.D. (Environmental Studies), Independent Research Scholar, Vizag, India

Romi Nayyar

GNM, Consultant Nursing Staff, Nuh, Haryana, India

PK Sharma

M.Sc. Statistics & Former Professor (Retired), Baddi, Himachal Pradesh, India


Ramesh B, Kuber A, Ahmed C. Electrical and electronic waste: a global environmental problem. Waste Management & Research. 2007;25(4):307–18. https://doi.org/10.1177/0734242X07076941

India Brand Equity Foundation. IT & BPM Industry in India (Online Article). Available from: https://www.ibef.org/industry/information-technology-india.aspx. [Last accessed on 15th March 2021]

Sinha S. Downside of the Digital Revolution. Toxics Link (2007). (Online Article). Available at: http://www. toxicslink.org. [Last accessed on 15th March, 2021]

eWaste Guide. Available from: http://www.ewaste.in. [Last accessed on 15th March, 2021]

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). (Electronic Waste (Online Article). Available from: http://www.cpcb.nic.in [Last accessed on 15th March 2021]

E-waste in India. Research unit (Larrdis) Rajya Sabha secretariat New Delhi June, 2011 (Online Article). Available at: rajyasabha.nic.in/rsnew/publication_electronic/E-Waste_in_india.pdf. [Last accessed on 15th March 2021]

Harrington JM, Aw TC, Baker EL. Occupational and environmental health and safety. In: David AW, Timothy MC, John DF, Edward JB, editors. Oxford Textbook of Medicine. 4th ed. Vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press; 2003. pp. 956–60. Chap.8.4.1.

Hu H, Speizer FE. Specific environmental and occupational hazards. In: Braunwald E, Fausi AS, Kasper DL, et al., editors. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 15th edition. Vol 2. McGraw-Hill Inc; 2001. pp. 2591–2. Part 15, Section1.395.

Strickland PT, Kensler TW. Chemical and physical agents in our environment. In: Abeloff MD, Armitage JO, Lichter AS, Niederhuber JE, editors. Clinical oncology. 1st ed. Churchill Livingston Inc.; 1995. pp. 153–160. Part 1, Section 2

Stewart BW, Kliehues P. World Cancer Report. Lyon: IARC Press; 2003

Devika R. E-waste management. Elysium Journal Of Engineering And Research 2014; 1(1): 22-3.

Times of India. Imported E-waste seized by customs officials. (Online Article). Available from: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/pollution/imported-e-waste-seized-by-customs-officials/articleshow/6381703.cms. [Last accessed on 15th March 2021]

E-waste. Indian perspective. (Online Article). Available at: http://www.nswai.com/images/newsletters/nov2007.pdf. [Last accessed on 17th March 2021]

Badoni P. E-waste Management In India. (Online Article). Available at: https://electronicsforu.com/technology-trends/ewaste-management-india/2. [Last accessed on 17th March 2021]

Scrapping the hi-tech myth: Computer waste in India. Published in Toxics Link. (Online Article). Available at: http://www.toxicslink.org/pub-view.php?pubnum=37. [Last accessed on 17th March 2021]

DOI: 10.26440/IHRJ/0505.08445
Published: 2021-08-28
How to Cite
Anuja Prabhakar, Romi Nayyar, PK Sharma. Environmental and Health Impacts of Electronic Waste: A Global Concern!!. IHRJ [Internet]. 2021Aug.28 [cited 2021Sep.24];5(5):RV1-RV4. Available from: https://ihrjournal.com/ihrj/article/view/445