A Cross-Sectional Study to Assess Awareness and Practices Related to Prevention of COVID-19 Amongst Local Vendors around Medical and Dental Establishments

  • Neil Sharma
  • Aakriti Bhatnagar
  • S. Vasudev
  • Anamika Kohli
Keywords: Vendors, Covid-19, Hygiene, Masks, Compliance

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Even as the world is returning to normalcy after COVID-19, there is still a need to be cautious and adopt proper hygiene practices and social distance norms. AIM: To assess the awareness and practices related to prevention of Covid-19 amongst local vendors around medical and dental establishments in Northern India. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of  one month using a pre-tested and pre-validated questionnaire. Vendors near ten medical and dental establishments in north India were contacted by standardized volunteers to prevent bias. They were located within the range of 250 meters on both sides of these facilities through convenience sampling.  Data was coded, entered in MS excel, descriptive statistics were applied. Statistical tests included the student’s independent t-test and multiple logistic regression. P value was kept significant at <0.5 and software used was SPSS version 23.0. RESULTS: Most vendors were males (76.7%), were operating shops on rent (47.7%) and had passed middle school (40.2%). A Majority of them were aware of common symptoms (99.4%), while 90.1% were aware about the mode of transmission. All vendors knew about the availability of the vaccine (100%). and 78.2% of the vendors were fully vaccinated, while 04 (1.3%) were not vaccinated yet. However, only 60% (p=0.03) of the vendors practised hand washing, distancing from sick, no handshake, use a cloth while coughing/sneezing as preventive measures. CONCLUSION: There is still a need for continuous education of the food vendors regarding proper and hygienic practices as well as mask wearing to fight off this dreaded pandemic and return to normalcy as soon as possible.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Neil Sharma

MBBS (India), Medical Student (Aspirant), Greensboro, North Carolina, USA

Aakriti Bhatnagar

M.PT. and Consultant Physiotherapist, Koonur, Telangana, India

S. Vasudev

BDS, Private Practioners, Pondicherry, India

Anamika Kohli

BDS, Private Practioners, Pondicherry, India

References

Nour C, Sana C, Reina B, Ali S, Abdallah A, Mohamad R, et al. COVID-19: A Multidisciplinary Review. Frontiers in Public Health 2020; 8:383. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00383

Gohel KH, Patel PB, Shah PM, Patel JR, Pandit N. Knowledge and perceptions about COVID-19 among the medical and allied health science students in India: An online cross-sectional survey. Clin Epidemiol Glob Heal [Internet].2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cegh.2020.07.008

Angelakis E , Azhar EI , Bibi F , et al . Paper money and coins as potential vectors of transmissible disease. Future Microbiol 2014;9:249–61. https://doi.org/10.2217/fmb.13.161

Reang T, Bhattacharjya H. Knowledge of hand washing and food handling practices of the street food vendors of Agartala, a north eastern city of India. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences 2013;2(43):8318-23.

Shastri S, Bhatnagar D. A Cross-Sectional Study to Assess Awareness and Practices Related to Prevention of COVID-19 amongst Shopkeepers near Medical Establishments. Natl J Community Med 2021;12(3):48-52. https://doi.org/10.5455/njcm.20210216052351

IBM Corp. Released 2015. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 23.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp.

Thakur CP, Mehra R, Narula C, Mahapatra S, Kalita TJ. Food safety and hygiene practices among street food vendors in Delhi, India. International Journal of Current Research 2013;5(11):3531-4.

Mohamed A, Suliman S, Amel B. Food safety knowledge and practices of street food- vendors in Atbara City (Naher Elneel State Sudan). African Journal of Biotechnology. 2009;8:6967-71.

Nkosi NV, Tabit FT. The food safety knowledge of street food vendors and the sanitary conditions of their street food vending environment in the Zululand District, South Africa. Heliyon 2021; 7(7):e07640, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e07640

Wolf MS, Serper M, Opsasnick L, O’Conor RM, Curtis L, Benavente JY, et al. Awareness, Attitudes, and Actions Related to COVID-19 Among Adults with Chronic Conditions at the Onset of the U.S. Outbreak: A Cross-sectional Survey. Ann Intern Med. 2020;173(2):100–9. https://doi.org/10.7326/M20-1239

Roy D, Tripathy S, Kar SK, Sharma N, Verma SK, Kaushal V. Study of knowledge, attitude, anxiety & perceived mental healthcare need in Indian population during COVID-19 pandemic. Asian J Psychiatr [Internet]. 2020;51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102083

Rathod A, Modaboyina S, Agrawal S, Saluja G, Sharma N, Das Deepsekhar. Assessment of compliance and adherence to wearing masks and perceived severity and susceptibility of acquiring COVID-19 in patients reporting to an ophthalmology casualty in India, Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 2021; 69(6):1631-2. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_2931_20

CITATION
DOI: 10.26440/IHRJ/0509.12447
Published: 2021-12-28
How to Cite
1.
Neil Sharma, Aakriti Bhatnagar, S. Vasudev, Anamika Kohli. A Cross-Sectional Study to Assess Awareness and Practices Related to Prevention of COVID-19 Amongst Local Vendors around Medical and Dental Establishments. IHRJ [Internet]. 2021Dec.28 [cited 2022May28];5(9):OR1-OR4. Available from: https://ihrjournal.com/ihrj/article/view/447

Most read articles by the same author(s)