Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Smoking Cessation Advice among Dental Students in Delhi-NCR

Keywords: Undergraduate dental students, Smoking Cessation, NRT, Tobacco

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The problem of tobacco abuse is not recent and has been documented well in history in various cultures all over the world. Dental colleges house vast number of potential tobacco cessation counsellors as budding health professionals who are in direct contact with patients. AIM: The main objective of present study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of smoking cessation advice among dental students in Delhi-NCR. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted among 2953 undergraduate clinical students of third year, fourth year and Internship were enrolled in the study from 18 dental colleges in Delhi- National Capital Region (NCR) using a pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire was employed as an instrument. The questionnaire’s content, face and criterion validity were checked and reliability was tested using Cronbach’s Alpha and Inter Class Co-relation. Statistical analysis used included  quantitative statistics, student t test and ANOVA. RESULTS: Students demonstrated considerable knowledge regarding smoking related policies in the institution, technique and products used for smoking cessation and impact of smoking on oral health, general health and treatments to be performed. However, only half of them had a positive attitude towards tobacco cessation counselling to patients and practice this in the hospital setting. CONCLUSION:  Based on the results of the study, there is a need to further motivate students on smoking cessation advice.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sumedha Kushwaha

Ph.D Student, Population Health Sciences, Temerty Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto

Wairokpam Bhoomika Devi

Department of Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Dental College, RIMS, Lamphelpat, Imphal, Manipur, India

References

Rani M, Bonu S, Jha P, Nguyen SN, Jamjoum L. Tobacco use in India: Prevalence and predictors of smoking and chewing in a national cross sectional household survey. Tob Control.2003;12:e4.

Terry D. Rees. Oral effects of drug abuse. Critical Reviews in Oral Biology and Medicine.1992;3(3):163-84

The GTSS Collaborative Group. Tobacco use and cessation counselling: Global Health Professionals Survey Pilot Study, 10 countries. Tob Control 2006;15(Suppl II):ii31–4.

Kaur J, Jain DC. Tobacco Control Policies in India. Indian J Public Health. 2011; 55(3):220-27.

http://www.dciindia.gov.in/ (Accessed on 01/03/2022)

Antal M et al. Attitudes of Hungarian Dental Professionals to Tobacco Use and Cessation. Cent Eur J Public Health 2012; 20(1):45–9.

Harini Priya M, Bhat SS, Sundeep Hegde K. Prevalence, knowledge and attitude of tobacco use among health professionals in Mangalore city, Karnataka. J Oral Health Comm Dent 2008;2(2):19-24.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. State-specific secondhand smoke exposure and current cigarette smoking among adults―United States, 2008. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2009;58:1232–5.

Murugaboopathy V, Ankola A, Hebbal M. Indian Dental Students’ Attitudes and Practices Regarding Tobacco Cessation Counseling. J Dent Educ;77(4):510-17.

The GTSS Collaborative Group. Tobacco use and cessation counselling: Global Health Professionals Survey Pilot Study, 10 countries. Tob Control 2006;15(Suppl II):ii31–4.

Bell GR, Groenlund C, Ward J. Australian dental students' views about smoking cessation counseling and their skills as counselors. J Public Health Dent 2006;63(3): 200-6.

WHO and CDC: Dental students and Tobacco Use in India. A pilot study for the Global Health Professional Survey (GHPS), 2005. http://www.who.int/tobacco/surveillance/ghps/en/index.html (Accessed on 10/5/2021)

American Lung Association Trends in tobacco use. Best Practices and Program Services. Epidemiology and Statistics Unit 2003.

Trosclair A, Husten MD, Pederson L, Dhillon I. Cigarette smoking among adults-United States. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51:642-5.

Spangler JG, George G, Foley KL, Crandall SJ. Tobacco intervention training: Current efforts and gaps in US medical schools. JAMA 2002;288:1102-9.

Trends in cigarette smoking among high school students - United States, 1991-2001. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2002; 51:409-12.

Fellows JL, Trosclair A, Adams EK, Rivera CC. Annual smoking-attributable mortality, years of potential life lost, and economic costs-United States, 1995-1999. Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report 2002;51:300-303.

Rajasundaram P, Sequeira P.S, Jain J. Perceptions of dental students in India about smoking cessation counselling. J Dent Educ.2011;75(12):1603-10

Tangade P, Ravishankar T. L. Tirth A, Mathur A, Gupta V. Attitude of Dental Students, Interns and Practicing Dentists Towards Tobacco Use Cessation. J Oral Health Comm Dent. 2011;5(1):15-18

Vanobbergen, P. Nuytens, M. van Herk and L. De VisschereDental students’ attitude towards anti-smoking programmes: a study in Flanders, Belgium. Eur J Dent Educ. 2007; 11: 177–183

Singla A. et al. Tobacco Cessation Counselling Practices and Attitude among the Dentist and the Dental Auxiliaries of Urban and Rural Areas of Modinagar, India. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 2014; 8(9): ZC15-ZC18

Tomar SL et al. Evaluation of Tobacco Use Cessation (TUC) in the Dental Office. Oral Health Prev Dent 2008; 4:27-47.

CITATION
DOI: 10.26440/IHRJ/0605.08557
Published: 2022-08-30
How to Cite
1.
Sumedha Kushwaha, Wairokpam Bhoomika Devi. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Smoking Cessation Advice among Dental Students in Delhi-NCR. IHRJ [Internet]. 2022Aug.30 [cited 2022Dec.8];6(5):OR1-OR9. Available from: https://ihrjournal.com/ihrj/article/view/557
Section
Original Research(s)