The Psychological Impact of the Second Wave of COVID-19 on People Living with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus

  • Dinesh Kumar
  • Ajoy Tewari
  • Kumar Praful Chandra
  • Santosh Kumar Chaubey
  • Vivek Agarwal
  • Arun Kumar Pande
  • Rajiv Awasthi
  • Nitin Gupta
  • Sajid Ansari
  • Sandeep Chaudhary
  • Mukulesh Gupta
Keywords: Psychological Impact, Diabetes, COVID-19, DASS-21, Stress, Anxiety, Depression


BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic has led to an increase in various psychological problems for people in India. AIM: The aim of this research was to assess the psychological impact of COVID-19 on people living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus evaluating their stress, anxiety, and depression levels during pandemic. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The study used validated Hindi version of GASS-21 questionnaire, It was handed out to 1143 eligible and consenting patients across eight secondary care centres in Lucknow. RESULTS: The study enrolled 1143 participants and out of that, 8% were depressed, 19% were anxious, and 6% were stressed. The significant psychological drivers were family members who tested positive for COVID 19, death of a first degree family member, post covid infections and vaccination status. Patients who were not vaccinated for COVID were significantly more affected psychologically. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 and associated morbidity and mortality, post covid complications and vaccinations on apprehensions were significantly associated COVID-19 related psychological impacts that were studied.


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Author Biographies

Dinesh Kumar

Harsh Clinic and Diabetes Care Centre, 555 CHHA/160 A Singar Nagar Alambagh, Lucknow

Ajoy Tewari

Jai Clinic & Diabetes Care Centre, Hardoi Road Road, Lucknow-226003

Kumar Praful Chandra

Chandra Diabetes and Heart Clinic, D-4/658, Vijayant Khand, Gomti Nagar Lucknow-226010

Santosh Kumar Chaubey

Chaubey & Diabetes, Endocrine and Nutrition Services, B 3/138 Viraj Khand Gomti Nagar Lucknow, 226010

Vivek Agarwal

RR Diabetes & Heart Care Centre, Shop no 5-B ,Galaxy Tower, Vijyant Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow UP-226010

Arun Kumar Pande

Lucknow Endocrine, Diabetes and Thyroid Clinic, 2/1 Vivek Khand, Gomti Nagar, Lucknow-UP-226010

Rajiv Awasthi

Prarthana Clinic & Diabetes Care Centre,3-Saptrishi Apartments, Sooraj Bali Road, New Hyderabad, Lucknow-226007

Nitin Gupta

Lucknow Hormone Centre, 2/198, Sec-3, Vikas Nagar Lucknow, UP. Opposite Pushpa Apartments, Near Lekhraj Panna Market

Sajid Ansari

SS Heart Care Centre, Tedhi Pulia Crossing, Kursi Road Lucknow-226022

Sandeep Chaudhary

RML HOSPITAL, Sector 14, House No – 46, Indira Nagar, Lucknow

Mukulesh Gupta

Udyaan Health Care,730, Udyan1, Eldeco, Near Bangla Bazar Lucknow-226002


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DOI: 10.26440/IHRJ/0609.12575
Published: 2023-01-05
How to Cite
Dinesh Kumar, Ajoy Tewari, Kumar Praful Chandra, Santosh Kumar Chaubey, Vivek Agarwal, Arun Kumar Pande, Rajiv Awasthi, Nitin Gupta, Sajid Ansari, Sandeep Chaudhary, Mukulesh Gupta. The Psychological Impact of the Second Wave of COVID-19 on People Living with Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus. IHRJ [Internet]. 2023Jan.5 [cited 2023Mar.20];6(9):OR1-OR7. Available from: