Onychomycosis in India and Other Countries in the Indian Subcontinent

Keywords: Onychomycosis, Infection, Dermatophytes


Onychomycosis is described as the fungal infection of finger or toenails, the nail plate with dermatophytes, non-dermatophytes, or yeasts. It affects approximately 5% of the population worldwide, and the prevalence in India is reported to vary from 0.5% to 5%. Onychomycosis (OM) is an intriguing problem for dermatologists around the world.  The commonest dermatophytes causing  nail infections are Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes and Epidermophyton floccosum. The aim of present review is to describe salient demographic and clinical features of onychomycosis in different countries in the Indian subcontinent. The various factors including occupations predisposing to causing onychomycosis are also dealt with.


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Author Biography

Harish C. Gugnani

Professor of Medical Mycology (retired), Department of Microbiology, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007


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DOI: 10.26440/IHRJ/0712.03619
Published: 2024-03-13
How to Cite
Gugnani HC. Onychomycosis in India and Other Countries in the Indian Subcontinent. IHRJ [Internet]. 2024Mar.13 [cited 2024May27];7(12):RV10-RV16. Available from: https://ihrjournal.com/ihrj/article/view/619