A Study to Assess the Effect of Stress on Mental Balance/ Judgement, Psychological Health and Adjustment Level

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Stress acts as a warning signal generated in the brain by detecting danger in the environment and indicating that action is required immediately. Only when this regulatory mechanism fails to function properly and promptly, stress inflicts abnormal pathological conditions (e.g. anxiety disorders or depression) interfering with healthy well-being. Present study was designed to study the effect of stress on judgment, adjustment and various aspects of psychological health.
MATERIALS AND METHOD: The study was done on 90 subjects (medical students) chosen randomly with no gender bias. Baseline parameters of mental balance/ judgment, adjustment level and various parameters of psychological health were recorded during mid-semester when there was no exam pressure. The parameters were again studied one to two week before exams. Parameters were compared from their baseline values. The student’s t-test was used to compare baseline values from during stress values. P value was significant when p<0.05.
RESULTS: Students reported significant decrease in judgment level and their adjustment level showed tendency to decrease during stress. Also, there was significant increase to fall into disorders of anxiety and depression. Other aspects of psychological health showed variable response to stress.
CONCLUSION: Stress has impact on judgment, adjustment and psychological health.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

Author Biographies

Mohita Singh

Demonstrator, Government Medical College (GMC), Jammu

Sunil Sachdev

Professor and Head, Department of Physiology, Government Medical College (GMC), Jammu

How to Cite
Singh, M., & Sachdev, S. (2019). A Study to Assess the Effect of Stress on Mental Balance/ Judgement, Psychological Health and Adjustment Level. International Healthcare Research Journal, 3(9), 303-308. https://doi.org/10.26440/IHRJ/0309.12306

References

1. Simandan D. On how much one can take: relocating exploitation and exclusion within the broader framework of allostatic load theory. Hlth Plc. 2010;16(6):1291–3.
2. Sapolsky, Robert M. Why Zebras Don't Get Ulcers? St Martins Press, NY 2004: pp 37, 71, 92, 271.
3. Jones F, Bright J, Clow A. Stress: myth, theory and research. Pearson Edu 2001: pp 4.
4. Folkman S. Stress: appraisal and coping. In Encyclopaedia of behavioural medicine. Springer NY 2013: pp 1913-15.
5. Hans S. The stress concept: Past, present and future. In Cooper CL Stress research issues for the eighties. John Wiley Son 1983: pp 1-20.
6. Hans S. Implications of stress concept. NY State J Med 1975;75:2139-45.
7. Jeronimus BF, Riese H, Sanderman R, Ormal J. Mutual reinforcement between neuroticism and life experiences: A five-wave, 16 year study to test reciprocal causation. J Persty Soc Psych. 2014;107(4):751-64.
8. Jeronimus BF, Ormel J, Aleman A, Penninx BWJH, Riese H. Negative and positive life events are associated with small but lasting change in neuroticism. Psychology Medicine 2013;43(11):2403-15.
9. Schneiderman N, Ironson G, Seigel SD. Stress and health: psychological, behavioural and biological determinants. Ann Rev Of Clin Psych 2005;1:607-28.
10. Nugent A, Pam MS. Mental Balance. Psych Dict 2013.
11. Newman T. What is mental health? MNT 2017 https://psychologydictionary.org/mental-balance [Last Accessed on 15th August, 2019]
12. Kitchener B, Jorm A. mental health first aid manual. Canberra: Ctr Mental Hlth Res 2002:pp 5.
13. Graham MC. Facts of life: ten issues of contentment. Outskirts Press 2014:pp 6-10.
14. Joshanloo M. Revisiting the empirical distinction between hedonic and eudaimonic aspects of well-being using exploratory structural equation modelling. J Happ Stud 2015; 17(5):2023-36.
15. Pershad D, Wig NN. Reliability and validity of a new battery of memory tests. Ind J Psy. 1978;20:76-80.
16. Singh RM, Bhargava M. Adjustment Neuroticism Dimensional Inventory. Ntl Psychol Corp 1983.
17. Saxena MSL. Adjustment Inventory. Prasad Psycho Corp 2010.
18. Poulton EC. Arousing environmental stresses can improve performance, whatever people say. Avn Spac Envir Medicine 1976; 47: 1193-1204.
19. Dorner D, Pfeifer F. Strategic thinking and stress. Ergon 1993; 36(11):1345-60.
20. Tung S, Chahal N. Relationship between stress and adjustment adolescent females: A casual study. J Persty Study Grp Behav 2005;25:19-31
21. Aggarwal JC. Psychology of learning and development. Shipra Publishers 2004.
22. Hussain A, Kumar A, Husain A. Academic stress and adjustment among high school students. J Ind Acad of Psych 2008; 34:70-3.
23. Kenchappanavar RN. Relationship between inferiority complex and frustration in adolescent. J Humn Soc Sci 2012; 2(2): 1-5
24. El- Gilany AH, Amr M, Hammad S. Perceived stress among male medical students in Egypt and Saudi Arabia: Effect of sociodemographic factors. Ann Saudi Med 2008; 28: 442-448
25. Kulsoom B, Afsar NA. Stress, anxiety and depression among medical students in multiethnic setting. Neuropsychaitr Dis Treat 2015;11:1713-22.
26. Spangler G, Pekrun R, Kramer K, Hofmann H. Student’s emotions, physiological reactions and coping in academic exams. J Anx Stress Cope 2010;15(4):413-32.
27. Adams TG, Kelmendi B, Brake A, Gruner P, Badour CL, Pittenger C. The role of stress in pathogenesis and maintenance of OCD. Chronic Stress (Thousand Oaks) 2018;2. doi: 10.1177/2470547018758043.
28. Blatt SJ, D’Affliti JP, Quinlan DM. Experiences of depression in normal young adults. J Abnorm Psychol 1976; 85:383-9.
29. Scarella TM, Laferton JAC, Ahern DK, Fallon BA, Barsky A. The relationship of hypochondriasis to anxiety, depression and somatoform disorders. Psychosomatics 2016; 57(2):200-7.
30. Yadav P, Chauhan VS, Bhat PS, Agarwal N, Yadav C, Bhatia S. Cross section study of anxiety symptoms in students in pre-examination period. Ind Psychiatry J 2017; 26(1):56-63.
31. Bub K, Lommen MJJ. The role of guilt in post-traumatic stress disorder. Eur J Psychotraumatol 2017; 8(1):1407202.