Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Tobacco Cessation Methods among the Dental Professionals of Bareilly International University: A Cross-sectional Study
INTRODUCTION: In India, the percentage of deaths caused by tobacco smoking is anticipated to rise from 1.4 percent in 1990 to 13.3 percent by 2020.Health care experts have done their best to persuade and counsel users to quit the habit through their collaborative efforts. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: Assessment of dentistry students' attitudes and practices concerning tobacco cessation strategies, as well as the role of information in their promotion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was carried out at the Institute of Dental Sciences, Bareilly among the dental professionals, i.e. final year, interns, postgraduates students. The questionnaire was designed to test the knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental students regarding tobacco use. The self-administered survey included a set of questions. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square test had been used to test associations between their responses among age, qualification, and academic year using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 22. RESULTS: A total of 300 surveys were sent out, with a 96.39 percent response rate. There were 54 percent females and 46 percent males among the 250 participants. Approximately 68 percent of people were between the ages of 20 and 23. In the current study, 32.4 percent were seeking MDS and 67.6 percent were pursuing BDS. Nearly half of those prefer to prescribe nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) as a cigarette cessation recommendation to patients, followed by self-quitting at 48% and pharmaceutical approaches at 1.2 percent. DISCUSSION: More than half of the respondents had an average level of awareness of smoking cessation therapies, and the majority of them had a favorable attitude toward their provision. As a result, it is important to persuade students to develop an interest in learning about tobacco quitting strategies.
Reddy KS, Gupta PC. Report on Tobacco Control in India. New Delhi, India: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2004 [Last Accessed on 7th July, 2021].
Preber H, Bergstrom J. Effect of smoking on periodontal healing following surgical therapy. J Clin Periodontol. 1990;17:324-8.
Albert D, Ward A, Ahluwalia K, et al. Addressing tobacco in managed care: a survey of dentists' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. American Journal of Public Health. 2002;92(6):997-1001.
Mirbod SM, Ahing SI. Tobacco-associated lesions of the oral cavity: Part II. Malignant lesions. J Can Dent Assoc. 2000; 66(6):308-11.
Lavelle C, Birek C, Scott DA. Are nicotine replacement strategies to facilitate smoking cessation safe?. Journal-Canadian Dental Association 2003;69(9):592-7.
Chassin MR, Galvin RW. The urgent need to improve health care quality. Institute of Medicine National Roundtable on Health Care Quality. JAMA 1998;280:1000-5.
John S, Davis M. Quality improvement and accountability in the treatment of tobacco dependence: the need for a national training and certification programme, Tobacco Control 2000;9:355-8.
Saddichha S, Rekha DP, Patil BK, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practices of Indian dental surgeons towards tobacco control: advances towards prevention. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2010;11(4):939-42.
Reddy KS, Gupta PC. Tobacco control in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India 2004:43-7.
Tessier JF, Thomas D, Nejjari C, et al. Attitudes and opinions of French cardiologists towards smoking. European journal of epidemiology 1995;11(6):615-20.
Vanobbergen J, Nuytens P, Van Herk M, et al. Dental students’ attitude towards anti‐smoking programmes: a study in Flanders, Belgium. European Journal of Dental Education 2007;11(3):177-83.
Raw M, McNeill A, West R. Smoking cessation guidelines for health professionals. A guide to effective smoking cessation interventions for the health care system. Health Education Authority. Thorax. 1998;53 Suppl 5 Pt 1(Suppl5):S1-S19. https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.53.2008.s1
Salman K, Azharuddin M, Ganesh R. Attitude of Dental Students Towards Tobacco Cessation Counselling in Various Dental Colleges in Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Sci Stud. 2014;2(4):20-4.
Warnakulasuriya KA, Johnson NW. Dentists and oral cancer prevention in the UK: opinions, attitudes and practices to screening for mucosal lesions and to counselling patients on tobacco and alcohol use: baseline data from 1991. Oral diseases 1999;5(1):10-4.
Severson HH, Eakin EG, Stevens VJ, et al. Dental office practices for tobacco users: independent practice and HMO clinics. American Journal of Public Health 1990;80(12):1503-5.
Murthy P, Saddichha S. Tobacco cessation services in India: recent developments and the need for expansion. Indian Journal of Cancer 2010;47(5):69-74.
Copyright (c) 2021 Swati Pathak et al.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.