Denture Stomatitis: Report of a Case with Rarely Used Treatment Modality and Review of Literature

  • Parul Uppal Malhotra
  • Neera Ohri
  • Yagyeshwar Malhotra
  • Anindita Mallik
Keywords: Denture Stomatitis, Candida Albicans, Fungal Infection, Yeast, Candidiasis

Abstract

Candida albicans is the most common Candida species isolated from the oral cavity both in healthy and diseased. Candida albicans is a dimorphic fungus existing both in blastopore phase (yeast phase) and the hyphal or mycelial phase. Although these organisms typically colonize mucocutaneous surfaces, the latter can be portals of entry into deeper tissues when host defences are compromised. Denture stomatitis is a common form of oral candidiasis that manifests as a diffuse inflammation of the maxillary denture bearing areas & is associated with angular cheilitis. At least 70% of individuals with clinical signs of denture stomatitis exhibit fungal growth & these conditions most likely result from yeast colonization of the oral mucosa combined with Bacterial colonization. Candida species act as an endogenous infecting agent on tissue predisposed by chronic trauma to microbial invasion. At one time, oral fungal infections were rare findings in general dentist's office. They were more commonly seen in hospitalized and severely debilitated patients. However with enhanced medical and pharmaceutical technology, increasing numbers of ambulatory immunosuppressed individuals with oral fungal infections are seeking out general dentists for diagnosis and treatment of these lesions.

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Author Biographies

Parul Uppal Malhotra

MDS (Paediatric and Preventive Dentistry), Medical officer (Dental), Community Health Centre, Nalagarh, Solan , HP, India

Neera Ohri

MDS (Oral Medicine and  Maxillofacial Radiology),  Senior Resident, Department of Dentistry, Dr RPGMC, Tanda at Kangra, HP, India

Yagyeshwar Malhotra

MDS (Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics), Consultant Orthodontist, Kangra, HP, India

Anindita Mallik

MDS (Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics), Consultant Orthodontist, Siliguri, WB, India

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Published
2020-08-19
How to Cite
Parul Uppal Malhotra, Neera Ohri, Yagyeshwar Malhotra, & Anindita Mallik. (2020). Denture Stomatitis: Report of a Case with Rarely Used Treatment Modality and Review of Literature. International Healthcare Research Journal, 4(5), 116-119. https://doi.org/10.26440/IHRJ/0405.08029

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